Fraud laws in Shenandoah Virginia includes a wide range of delinquencies and offenses which address circumstances during which an individual unlawfully attains money, assets, or profits by treachery. In illegal situation, fraud is normally alleged as felony, which means that a sentence can result in a year or more of imprisonment. Criminal consequences can also comprise legal fines, compensation, community service, and the loss of public privileges related with a felony conviction. In civil court, reimbursement is considered as accuser’s only remedy. Fraud cases can be carried in either state or federal law court.
Fraud laws are included under the code 18.2, of crime which involve fraud. There are several fraud-related delinquencies, and most of them are reflected as Class 1 misdemeanors. The main and most common fraud crimes are defined below:
- Identity Stealing
- Credit Card Deception
According to fraud laws in section 18.2-172, fraud in Shenandoah Virginia is making a false document or changing an already existing document with an intention to fraud. The document must have a legal significance in order to be the subject matter of a forgery charge. To convict an offender of forgery in Virginia under Va. Code §18.2-172, the Commonwealth must prove that the document was incorrectly made or a previously existing writing was materially altered. The Commonwealth must also prove the false making or material alteration was done with an intent to deceive. Intent to deceive means an intent to use the document to gain a benefit to which the criminal was not allowed. Forgery is a class 5 felony which has a punishment of 10 years in jail and a $2,500 fine.
Credit Card Fraud
According to fraud laws in section 18.2-195, credit card fraud basically is meaningfully using a credit card to get some value and the criminal is acting with an intention to deceive. The credit card fraud in Shenandoah Virginia, can be accused as a misdemeanor or a felony, liable on the worth that was falsely gained. If the value gained is less than $200 in a 6 month period, the Virginia credit card fraud is accused as a misdemeanor. It has a punishment of one year in jail and a fine of $2500. It is a felony if the value gained over a 6 month period is more than $200. It is punished with up to 5 years in jail and a fine of $2500.
Identity Theft Fraud
According to fraud laws, identity theft is divided into three classes, famed by the drive or intention behind stealing someone’s identity: for the committer’s own or a third person’s usage, with the intention to trade info to another person, and for the purpose of interfering with an illegal inquiry.
Identifying information” is clear to contain, but not be restricted to, the victim’s:
- Date of birth
- Social security number
- Driver’s license number
- Number of bank account
- Numbers of credit and debit cards
- PIN number
- Electronic ID codes
- Automatic or electronic signs
- Biometric data